My last post was photos of the village of Pisac. Today we look at the nearby, and spectacular archeological site, 33 km (20 miles) from Cusco.
A vital Inca road once snaked its way up the canyon that enters the Urubamba Valley at Pisac. The citadel, at the entrance to this gorge, now in ruins, controlled a route which connected the Inca Empire with the eastern jungles. Pisac is high above the valley floor, patch-worked by patterned fields and vast terraces. The panoramas at Pisac’s Inca citadel are magnificent. Terraces, water ducts and steps have been cut out of solid rock, and in the upper sector of the ruins, the main Sun Temple is equal of anything at Machu Picchu. Above the temple lie still more ruins, mostly unexcavated, and among the higher crevices and rocky overhangs several ancient burial sites are hidden.
Here there are many different buildings, plazas, temples, pools and other structures at this site. Most were built between the 10th and 11th centuries AD—before the Incas were in power, though consolidated and improved by them. The architecture continues to stun admirers with the technique used to build the enormous walls, palaces and turrets with stone blocks, much done without any type of cement or adhesive.
The Intihuatana solar observatory receives the greatest admiration. Fine quality stone carved into the shape of many hands forming a semi-circle.
To manage their water supply, the Incas—and the pre-Incan civilization before–carried out engineering works creating many channels that travel the length of the terraces.
Pisac is one of the few archaeological zones with two open tunnels cut into the hills.
NOTE: Much of this information is from Wikipedia