It’s no secret that though I’ve worked hard to establish a retirement fund, I simply don’t know how I can afford to live in the USA. Latin America, specifically Mexico, may be my answer. I also enjoy teaching English, as a was to supplement my pension and get involved with the local scene. So, part of my touring this week includes checking out a couple areas near Mexico City, as a way to get a feel for them. One of these is Puebla, the capital and largest city of the state of Puebla, and one of the five most important Spanish colonial cities in Mexico. It has a population of about 3 million and is the fourth largest city in Mexico.
The city was founded in 1531 in an area called Cuetlaxcoapan, which means “where serpents change their skin”, in between of two of the main indigenous settlements at the time, Tlaxcala and Cholula. Due to its history and architectural styles ranging from Renaissance to Mexican Baroque, the city was named a World Heritage Site in 1987. The city is also famous for mole poblano, chiles en nogada and Talavera pottery. However, most of its economy is based on industry.
The Zócalo, the main square (and a common name for the square of many major cities in Mexico), remains the cultural, political and religious center of the city. It was the first block to be laid out, with the rest of the historic center traced out from it in the form of a checkerboard. Until the end of the 18th century, this was the main market for the town. For much of the colonial period, it was the main source of potable water via a fountain that had been installed in the center in the mid-16th century. Many political and cultural events have been and continue to be held here. Bullfights were held in the main square from 1566 to 1722. Today, the Zocalo is a tree-filled plaza and contains a large number of sculptures, but the most noted is the one of the Archangel Michael that is in a fountain placed in the center in 1777. The city is often call the city of angels.
Just off the center square is the Puebla Cathedral. The Cathedral, located on 16 de Septiembre and 5 Oriente, took 300 years to complete, in part due to interruptions in its construction.
El Parian is an arts and crafts market, within walking distance of the plaza. It consists mostly of permanent stalls but there is an area provided for vendors who visit and sell their wares on blankets spread on the ground.